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Canon Inc, Japan , Canon A-1, Canon AV-1

Canon EOS700

Canon EOS 700 (1990)

Minolta pioneered the AF (SLR) revolution in 1985, with the Maxxum 7000. Canon EOS series SLR models were introduced a year later in 1987 and this, Canon EOS 700, was introduced in 1990 as an upgrade of the second generation EOS750/EOS850. The camera was introduced with a EF 1:4-5,6 35-80mm powered zoom lens. Canon’s first and last Power Zoom lens. It has a motorized zoom but optically this 7/7 isn't rather modest. As an entry level camera it it lacks most of the "professional" features. The control dial has eight programmed modes even though the exceptional Intelligent Dial function (The dial can be detached and flipped over for reattachment to the camera) enables to set a shutter speed-priority AE and program AE modes. Should I say, a versatile point and shoot camera with an option to change the lens. Both the camera and the lens mounts are made of polycarbonate. Actually in many cases polycarbonate is better than metal because plastic is resilient and can bend slightly to absorb a blow whereas metal can deform badly.

*All about EOS700 on Photography in Malaysia

*Canon EOS700 instruction manual / Mike Butkus

*Much more about Canon EOS cameras / NK Guy

This is how it is written in the EOS700 manual:

"The Canon EOS 700 features high-speed autofocus performance and sophisticated exposure control through the use of new advanced technologies. Incorporating much of the highly acclaimed technology in previous EOS models, this addition to the EOS series is aimed al the photographer who wants simple but flexible operation. It features "'Evaluative Metering," "Depth-of-Field" mode, and eight "Programmed Image Control" settings to make picture taking uncomplicated and provide results that are the envy of others. A revolutionary new reversi­ble selector dial allows you to choose from 13 settings to best match your shooting style. The EOS 700 also has a built-in flash that fires automatically without separate batteries. To top it off, the EF 35-80 mm power zoom lens has been specially developed for use with the EOS 700 tor unparalleled convenience and ease of use. All EOS EF lenses are interchangeable, allowing you unlimited views of portraying your subject."

Type 35mm focal-plane shutter multi-mode AF SLR camera
Picture Size 24 x 36 mm
Normal Lens Power Zoom EF 35-80mm f/4-5.6, others
Lens Mount EF mount
AF System TTL phase detection. AF modes: One-Shot AF and predictive AI Servo AF. AF operating range at ISO 100: EV 1 - 18. AF mode switches automatically.
Shutter Vertical-travel, focal-plane electronic shutter. 2 sec. - 1/2000 sec., B. X-sync at 1/125 sec. (hot shoe). Built-in electronic self-timer (with beeper).
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.8x magnification and 92% coverage.
AF mark, in-focus indicator, AE mark.
Metering &
Exposure Control
Composite SPC for TTL full-aperture metering (6-zone evaluative). With the Main Dial's top face, the following modes can be set: Intelligent program AE, standard program AE, depth-of-field AE, and 8 Programmed Image Control modes. With the reversible Main Dial's bottom face, the following modes can be set: Shutter speed-priority AE and standard program AE, and bulb. The Main Dial's top/bottom face can be reversed by loosening the screw at its center. Metering range at ISO 100 and f/1.4: EV 0 - 20. Film speed range: ISO 25 to 3200 (with DX-coded films only).
Built-in Flash Located on pentaprism hump. Auto retractable head. TTL autoflash control (fires automatically in backlight and low-light conditions) with off-the-film metering. Guide No. 12 (at ISO 100 in m).
Power Source One 6 V 2CR5 lithium battery
Film Loading &
Align film leader at mark, then close the camera back for prewind loading. First, the entire roll is wound on the take-up spool. Then each time a picture is taken, the film advances back into the cartridge. Film transport with the built-in motor. Film advance speed: 1.2 fps except in depth-of-field AE mode when it is 1 fps.
Film Rewind After the last frame is exposed, the film is rewound automatically.
Dimensions &
149 x 102 x 71 mm, 615 g
Canon A-1

Canon A-1 (1978)

In 1977 the Canon AE-1 marked the shift of cameras from manual and mechanical models to electronic ones. AE-1 is a SLR camera with a CPU which linked the electromagnetic release, self-timer, and electronic flash electronically. A year later in 1978, the Canon A-1 was introduced, the first camera in the world to have all exposure functions controlled by a microcomputer. It enabled aperture-prority and shutter-priority autoexposure. Actually it has five AE modes; A shutter-priority AE, aperture priority AE, programmed AE, stopped-down AE , electronic flash AE and if that is not enough it has also a manual mode.
Canon designed the A-series cameras to use a significant amount of plastic for a lighter and cheaper camera. The injection-molded ABS top and bottom plates are copperplated and then chrome finished or black enameled to give the look and feel of real metal.

Many Canon A-series SLR cameras develop an infamous squeal, which is audible when the shutter is released. The offending mechanism is a mirros damper geartrain and flywheel located on the right hand side of the mirror box. To fix it you only have to lubricate the geartrain. The procedure involves at a minimum removing the top plate to provide an acces to lubricate the mirror damper gears. The procedure is simple, but delicate and if you don't do it right you'll easily end up worse than you started. (How to DIY by Rick Oleson) The other common annoyance is a battery door mechanism/material. Many used examples have broken or taped battery doors.

"Unlike the hardest competitor Nikon, Canon has changed the lens mounting and the current Canon EOS autofocus EF mount is not compatible with the FD-mount. Still it was definitely one of the most advanced contemporary cameras. Canon A-1 is the camera which the popularity of IC circuits for automations in camera design have very much to thank for. The camera is totally dependent on batteries. A feature which is more than a contingency today even on a toothbrush. In many aspects you get much more than you lose. The diversity and easiness of usage and the accuracy of functions got a new level with this beauty.

Canon A-1 was introduced in 1978 and despite of a quarter of a century this vintage camera still remains as the ultimate reference camera for many. Its styling, durability and reliability (exceptions mentioned above) have been proven over these years and passed the enduring time test and emerged as a true classic."

Main features

Quality from the Inside Out

The extraordinary qualities of the A-l start with its design. It is the first camera in the world in which all information, both input and output, is in the form of pulse signals, enabling it to be the first camera with a digital, rather than an analog, computer. It is the first camera to have a Pure-Integrated Injection Logic (Pure-PL), the most advanced type of logic circuitry yet produced by the electronics industry, which is so highly integrated that it is capable of processing many times the information possible with simple IC's, It is also the first camera in the world to have a program unit with programmable logic array (PLA) which makes sure ihal the camera receives all information and in correct order. In practi­cal terms, all of this complex electronics circuitry bails down to the first camera which is capable of extremely precise and reliable automatic exposure in five different modes but which remains.

Remarkably compact and easy to operate.

The use of such advanced technology is not limited to design alone. Building on the special production technology system it established  with the design of  the  AE-1,
Canon has extended its use of computers and automation from automatic production of the main parts to at least partial automation in all facets of production including processing, assembly and in­spection. In this contribution to a new system of camera manufacture, Canon is able to offer greater precision at less expense.
Other benefits deriving From the design concept of the A-1 include greatly improved stability against great temperature changes and remarkably improved meter response. The A-l will set AF, exposure only a split second before shutter release. Despite all of this electronic circuitry which would reasonably require a great deal of power, the A-l requires only one small battery which normally lasts about one year. Every part of the A-l, from its sequence circuitry, where the power is sequentially switched on and off, to its Pure-PL and combination magnet, is designed to conserve power.

Five AE Modes and Manual Override

Besides five AF. modes which cover all forms of photography, easy override of the A-1’s AE functions is also possible. Shutter-speed priority AE is especially useful in action photography, aperture priority AE in still photography. The programmed AE mode, in which the camera controls both aperture and shutter speed for correct exposure, is good for general use and is the easiest mode for beginners. These three AE modes along with exclusive flash AE, are performed with an FD lens set at "A" for all the benefits of full aperture metering. Stopped-down AE, in which the shutter speed is automatically set, allows automatic exposure with non-FD lenses and accessories and is a big advantage in close-ups and photo­micrography. And since all AE inputs have been consolidated into the AE mode selector and the AT dial, the operation of only these two controls suffices to set the camera for any one of the five AE modes.
For complete control for exposure cor­rection or special effects, manual operation is a simple matter of moving the FD lens aperture ring from the "A" mark while the shutter speed is set on the AT dial. The A-1 will even provide you with an exposure readout as a basis for your exposure adjustment.  

Exposure Compensation

Along with the wide selection of AE modes, the A-l has two controls for wide-range exposure compensation. These are the exposure compensation dial for stepped exposure correction between ±2 f/stops and an exposure memory switch for temporary correction. For special techniques such as low- and high-key shots, contre-jour photography,. multiple exposures and flash photo­graphy, you pros will find quick response in the A-l. Even in AE you have complete control over the image results.

Field-of-view-only Viewfinder

This viewfinder is one of the A-l’s most unusual features. In the classic sense of the word this bright viewfinder shows only the field of view for easiest focusing and composing.
Using any one of three ways to take an exposure preview, you will activate a compact LED digital readout which clearly conveys shutter speed, aperture, fash and manual operation signals, a bulb indication, improper exposure warnings and a mal­function warning. The viewfinder readout is below and out of the way of the field of view, and the LED's are clearly legible with no need for extra illumination even in very bad light.

Wide Metering Range

With it’s extensive film sensitivity range (ASA 6-12800) and 16 shutter speeds (1/1000-30sec), the A-l offers a wide AE metering range from EV18 (f/16, 1/1000 sec.) all the way down to EV-2 (f/1.4, 8 sec.) with ASA 100 film and an f/1.4 speed lens. Provided that you can even focus your subject in the viewfinder in a very dark situation, it is most likely that you will be able to meter it as well even in an AE mode. This is especially advantageous in such dimly-lit situations as those in night scenes and photomacrography.

Other Special Features

Add to these features the A-l's single-lever multiple exposure operation and its two-interval self-timer with an LED warning. Switching one small lever before winding the film sets the A-l  for a multiple exposure.
The film and even the frame counter remain stationary for unlimited multiple exposures. You can set the self-timer for a time-lag of either two or ten seconds during which an easily visible LED flashes. Flashing frequen­cy increases as a warning prior to shutter release,
Finally, seemingly small features, but hig advantages in photography, include the A-l’s detachable action grip, its 120°-stroke film advance lever with a 30° stand-off, its eyepiece shutter and its shutter button lock (main switch).

The System

Beginning with accessories which are integral ports of the A-1 system* Canon offers the Speedlite 199A and the Motor Drive MA, Either the more powerful Speedlite 199A or the Speedlite 155A can be mounted on the A-1 for AE flash photography with auto­matic setting of shutter speed and aperture. With the Motor Drive MA, continuous shooting at up to five frames per second is possible, and the A-1 also accepts the Power Winder A. Like the AE-1, the A-l can also use On; Data Back A, a date imprinting mechanism that will couple to both power winder and Speedlite.
Plus, you have your choice of accessories from Canon's extensive SLR system. From its famous, high resolution FD lenses to its complete line of systemized accessories for close-ups, photomicrography and photo­micrography, Canon offers high-quality equipment for  all photographic fields.

Some specifications (Canon A-1)

Type: 35mm Single-Lens-Reflex camera with electronically controlled, multiple-mode AE focal plane shutter.
Format: 24 x 36mm.
Lenses: Canon FD lenses or Canon FL lenses (usable only with stopped-down AE).
Standard Lenses: Canon FD 55mm and 50mm lenses.
Viewfinder: Fixed eye-level pentaprism.
Viewfinder Information: LED readout includes e.g. a shutter speed, aperture and warning of incorrect exposures indication, Shutter speed and aperture data displayed in 1/2 step increments.

Mirror: Instant-return type with shock-absorbing mechanism
Light Metering System: Through-the-lens (TTL) metering by silicon photocell.
Shutter: Cloth focal plane shutter. Electronically controlled, stepless speeds from 30 sec. to 1/1000 sec.
Shutter Speed Scale: B, 30, 15, 8, 4, 2, 1, 2, 4, 8,15 30, 60, 125, 250, 500, 1000 plus P, Tv).
Power Source: One 6V silver oxide battery (Mallory PX28 or equivalent) or alkaline manganese battery ( Mallory 7K34 or equivalent).
Size: 141 x 91.5 x 47.5mm (5-1/2" x 3-5/8" x 1-7/8") body only.
Weight: 620 g (1 lb. 6 oz.) body only, including battery.

Canon AV-1
Canon AV-1

Canon AV-1 is a focal plane shutter SLR camera with a TTL light metering. Production begun in the first half of 1979. I bought this Canon because I just wanted to have another item of Canon SLR brand. Why then AV-1 ? Because it was relatively cheap and had a good reputation within the cameras of it´s class. It proved very handy and easy to use. It also takes technically excellent pictures.All you need to do is turn the aperture ring on the lens to set an aperture, focus and press the shutter button. Focusing is manual. The camera does all the rest - provided the main control dial has been set to the "A" mark..It has center weighted average light metering with a back light compensation possibility. When shooting your subject under backlighting condition, you just push an extra switch to compensate the exposure. At least in Finland it was commonly bundled with Canon FD 35-70 F 1:4 zoom lens


Type : 35mm SLR (Single-lens Reflex) camera with electronically controlled AE (Automatic Exposure).
Format : 24 x 36mm.
Usable Lenses : Canon FD (for full aperture AE) and most FL (for stopped-down AE) series lenses.
Lens Mount : Canon Breech-lock mount.
Viewfinder : Fixed, eye-level pentaprism.
Viewfinder Information : Split-image/micro prism rangefinder, shutter speed scale and meter needle, red over and underexposure warning indices, battery check/ camera shake warning index.
Shutter : Cloth, focal plane shutter with four spindles. Electronically controlled.
Shutter Release Button : Electromagnetic, two-step button. Pressing it halfway activates the meter; pressing it all the way sets shutter in operation. With lock and cable release socket.
Shutter Speed : Step less automatically controlled, from 2 sec. to 1/1000 sec. Manual settings for B (Bulb) and X-synchronization speed of 1/60 sec. with flashes other than Canon Speedlite 133A, 155A, 177A or 199A.
ASA Film Speed Dial : ASA 25 to ASA 1600. With lock.
Light Metering System : Through-the-lens, Central Emphasis metering by SPC (Silicon Photocell).
Exposure Correction : Shutter speed is automatically reduced 1-1/2 steps to increase exposure by pressing back light control switch.
Reflex Mirror : Large instant-return type with shock absorbing mechanism.
Self-timer : Electronically controlled. Ten second time lag activated by pressing shutter button. Red LED blinks to indicate operation; flashing frequency increases two sec. before shutter release. Cancellation possible by pressing battery check button.
Flash Synchronization : At 1/60 sec. Set by switching selector dial to 60 for flashes other than the Canon Speedlite 133A 155A, 177A or 199A. Direct contact at accessory shoe.
Automatic Flash Control : With Canon Speedlite 133A, 155A, 177A or 199A. With selector dial at , shutter speed set to 1/60 sec. automatically. Aperture set manually on aperture ring to same aperture set on flash.
Back Cover : Fixed. Opened by pulling up rewind knob.
Film Loading : Via multi-slot take-up spool.
Film Advance Lever : Single-stroke 120 degree throw with 30 degree stand-off. Winding with several short strokes possible.
Battery: 6V, Mallory PX 28 or comparable.
Dimensions: (W x H x D) 139 x 85 x 48mm
Weight: 512g (body only, without battery)

Canon FT QL

Canon FT QL (1966)

A reliable basic SLR camera with some advanced features like the Canon QL (Quick Load) loading system. FT QL has a conventional quick-return reflex mirror and stop-down TTL metering. The condenser lens is cut at a 45-degree angle. Twelve percent of the image area surface is semi-silvered with vapor deposition. The incident light which reflected by this semi-transparent mirror is directed to the metering element. The viewfinder has match-needle exposure metering. The distance to the metering element is the same as the distance to the focal plane. Therefore the camera has the same focal plane metering characteristics as the Pellix.
The Canon Booster for low-light metering down to EV 3.5 (23 sec. at f/1.4) was available as an optional accessory attachable to the accessory shoe.

FT QL / Canon Camera Museum


Type: 35mm (24x36mm) single-lens reflex camera.
Lens Mount: FL bayonet mount
Viewfinder : Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 92% vertical coverage, 94% horizontal coverage. Microprism rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Metering indicator and exposure match needle provided. A diagonally-cut condenser lens block is semi-silvered on the diagonal surface. This beam splitter enables the incoming light to be split for the viewfinder image and metering cell. Waist Level Viewer 2 can be attached.
Focusing Glass: Highly efficient in resolving power, using Fresnel lens and built-in prism screen rangefinder.
Mirror : Shockless quick return type. Mirror can be locked upward.
Standard Lens : FL 50mm F 1.8, FL 50mm F 1.4, FL 58mm F 1.2 with FL breech-lock bayonet mount.
Aperture : Fully automatic preset aperture built in. Preset release possible.
Shutter : Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. X, T, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 sec. Built-in self-timer (self-timer lever also functions as a stop-down lever).
Built-in Exposure Meter : Zero method CDs meter coupled to the shutter dial and aperture setting. The CdS cell for TTL stopped-down match needle partial metering at center (12% of center). Metering range at ISO 100: EV 3 - 18. Film speed range from ISO 25 to 2000. 1.3 V MD mercury cell power source. Battery check feature provided.
Photometry : Exposure meter functions with the CdS actuating lever. Spot selection system. Continuous photometry is possible with the lock lever. Battery checker built in.
Measuring of Ultra-low Illumination : Optional Canon Meter Booster for metering in low light (down to EV -3.5). (Using ASA 100 film, EV2.5 1/4 sec - EV -3.5 15 sec at f1.2)
Flash Synchronization : Synchronizing possible for FP and X contacts and FP class, M class, F class and electronic Speedlight
Built-in Self-timer : Time-adjusting type operated by shutter release button.
Film Rewinding : Retractable crank
Film Advance Lever : Single operation 174° winding lever, possible to wind with several short strokes.
Film Loading : QL (Quick Loading) and auto loading after camera back is closed.
Interchangeable Lenses : Automatic preset aperture type FL series lens system.
Film Counter : Self-resetting type.
Dimensions : 144 x 93 x 43mm (5-3/4" x 3-3/4" x 1-3/4"). 144 x 93 x 100 mm, 1,095 g (With FL 58mm f/1.2)
Weight : 740 grams (1 Ib. 10oz.) - body only.

Canon FP
Canon FP (1964)

In 1964 Canon introduced a new Canon FL lens serie (a wide range of Interchangeable lenses from 19mm to 1000mm) and two SLR cameras Canon FX and Canon FP. FP is similar to FX except the exposure meter which was sold separately. The FL lens mount is a breech lock mount. The advantage of this type of mount is that to prevent abrasion the contact surfaces between the body and lens do not rotate against each other. The disadvantage is a slower lens change. Both, silver and black versions was made.

After the Canonflex R-series, the Canon FX/FP was the first in a new series having an aperture linkage on a new lens mount.
The new aperture linkage was designed to reduce the film advance torque and to integrate TTL light metering. After the shutter was released, the lens reverted to the maximum aperture regardless of the film advance state.
The Canon FP CdS exposure meter indicated the proper aperture for the selected shutter speed. A lever switched between the high (EV9 to 18) and low (EV1 to 10) metering sensitivity ranges.

FP / Canon Camera Museum

Type 35mm focal-plane shutter single-lens reflex camera
Picture Size 24 x 36 mm
Normal Lens Canon FL 50mm f/1.8
Lens Mount FL mount
Shutter Two-axis, horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains. Single-axis non-rotating dial for X, B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, and 1/1000 sec. Equipped with built-in self-timer. (No shutter button lock.)
Flash Sync FP- and X-sync automatic-switching sync contacts with German socket.
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level pentaprism. 0.9x magnification (FL 50mm), 90% vertical coverage, 93% horizontal coverage. Split-image rangefinder at center of fresnel matte screen. Mirror lockup provided.
Exposure Meter
None (An external FP meter having the same specifications as the FX's built-in meter was made available.)
Film Loading &
After opening camera back, insertion onto spool. Advances with camera-top lever. (160 single or partial strokes with extra 20 stroke)
Frame Counter Counts up. Resets automatically when camera back is opened.
Film Rewind Collapsible crank
Dimensions &
141 x 90 x 83 mm, 940 g (with 50mm f/1.8)

Canon TC-5000

I hereby proclaim a competition to conceive of a new name to this exceedingly innovative high tech gadget. TC-500002 is absolutely too modest.
Something like, Galactic XMTR Nano Supercharger Mark II would be better.

(Edit: Aug 8, 2007) According to specialists the model name of this rare Canon camera could be Plasticam Sinonippon Bogusfocus PDQ or the more common WhatCopyright?100. Grounds for the final decision depends on the camber of the film plane. (not measured yet)

I purchased it on a Tuavalu PoppuP Treachery Riddance and it cost me only $509,33 (419,99 - 2,3% bcause cold cash in a letter + insurance and shipping $199 ;-)
One thing is bothering me... Is the lens made of glass, because it is not mentioned anywhere??

©2008 Reijo Lauro