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Minolta Camera Co.,Ltd. 313. 2-Chome. Azuchi-Mochi. Chuo-Ku, Osaka 541. Japan

Minolta XG-2

Minolta XG 2 (1977)

The XG-2, 35mm SLR camera with automatic and full manual exposure control was introduced at the same time with the more professional model XD-11. Exposure meter is activated by a contact or pressure on "tough switch" shutter release. Metering is Full-aperture TTL center weighted type, by two CdS cells mounted on either side of the eye piece at the rear of the pentaprism.

Both cameras have a similar, compact body styling. Body dimensions are 138x 89x 52mm (WxHxD) and they are much lighter than the mechanical SRT cameras which were still produced in 1977. The weight is 505g without a lens. Power source consists two 1,5v silver-oxide, SR-44 or equiv.

The first XG camera was the XG7, released in October 1977. Minolta like also some other camera manufacturer had a practice of naming cameras differently in different markets, the body was called the XG E in Japan and the XG 2 in Europe. XG cameras had only a aperture priority mode compared to the optional shutter priority mode in Xd cameras.XG-2 operates on aperture-preferred and manual mode. An inconvenient feature is that the exposure meter turns off in manual mode and the camera lacks any non-battery-dependent shutter speeds.
The lens in a picture is a Tamron 3,5-4,5/ 28-50mm Zoom Lens. It belongs to the Tamron's Adaptall Series.A new feature in XG-2 is a shutter release button which uses the electrostatic ability of human skin to turn the exposure meter on. No pressure is needed. The same technique is used on many of Minolta´s later models, for instance on the X-700.

"Your light, compact XG-2 is a top-quality single-lens reflex camera whose electronic system will control exposure for you automatically, freeing you for more enjoyment and greater creativity. You can also override the meter's automatic setting or set the camera for full manual operation. Electromagnetic shutter release and unique 'Touch switch" metering, head a host of other features. Attaching the accessory Auto Winder G enables single-frame/continuous motor film advance up to 2 frames/sec. Minolta's special Auto Electroflash 200X electronically switches the XG-2's shutter over for strobe exposures when charged and signals flash-ready in the finder; it also enables continuous-sequence flash with the winder. Besides new MD Rokkor lenses, your XG-2 uses virtually all interchangeable Rokkors made to date and all applicable Minolta SLR system accessories."

I am eternally grateful to my colleague Mr. K. Hakanen for contributing this camera to my collection.;-)

Minolta XG-M


Minolta XG-M (1981)

The most significant changes in XG-M was slightly modified body design and a right hand grip. The body is outwardly like X-700 although not identical. The new company logo with the rising sun was also used for a first time. Perhaps the most important change was the capability to use the new and faster Motor Drive 1. Character "M" in a model name denotes this new feature.
Once again in Japan the name of XG-M was different, there it was called the X-70.

A significant improvement in XG-M is also a new non shrinking leatherette covering.These and some other changes makes the XG-M a top model in the Minolta XG series.

"Minolta precision lenses and accessories are manufactured under high quality control standards and are designed to the performance requirements of Minolta camera bodies. We recommend Minolta Rokkor lenses and Minolta system accessories for all types of photography."

Your compact XG-M is the center of one of the most comprehensive and versatile photographic systems ever created. It offers aperture-priority automatic exposure control for greatest creative control and ease of use. You can also set the exposure manually, with or without reference to the camera's calculation. The aperture selected and LED shutter-speed setting are clearly displayed in the XG-M's total information viewfinder whose acute matte screen makes viewing brighter and focusing easier and more accurate. Electromagnetic shutter release, unique "touch-switch" metering and action grip are among the many other features of this fine camera. Motorized film advance is available in two ways: the grip-type Motor Drive 1 for exposures up to 3.5 frames per second and the compact Auto Winder G for single/continuous film advance up to 2 frames per second. Minolta's X-series Auto Electroflashes electronically switch the XG-M's shutter over for strobe exposures when charged and signal flash-ready in the finder; the 320X and 200X also enable continuous-sequence flash with the motors. Besides MD lenses, your XG-M uses virtually all interchangeable Minolta lenses to date and all applicable Minolta SLR system accessories.


Type: 35mm single-lens reflex with automatic and full manual exposure control
Lens mount: Minolta SLR bayonet, 54° rotating angle coupling for full-aperture metering and automatic diaphragm control with Minolta MD and MC lenses
(Standard lenses MD Rokkor-X 50mm f/1.4, f/1.7 or MC Rokkor-X 58mm f/1.2.
Auto-exposure control:Special low-voltage, low-current computer circuit, actuated by contact or pressure on "touch switch" operating button, varies the shutter speed continuously and steplessly to yield proper exposure according to metering system indication at the aperture, film speed, and exposure adjustment set.
Auto-exposure range: EV 2 to EV 17 (e.g., 1/2 sec. at f/1.4 to 1/1000 at f/11) at ASA 100 with f/1.4 lens
Shutter: Horizontal-traverse focal-plane type electronically controlled speeds: 1/1000 to 1 sec, steplessly on automatic mode or in steps on manual mode
Metering: Full-aperture TTL center-weighted type,  by two CdS cells mounted on either side of the eyepiece at the rear of the pentaprism
Film-speed range: ASA 25 to 1600 set on the shutter-speed/function selector
Auto-exposure adjustment: Up to ±2 EV continuous adjustment of automatic exposure with 1/2 EV click-stops and lock at "A" (zero setting)
Mirror: Oversize quick-return type (P0 value: 123mm)
Viewfinder: Eye-level fixed pentaprism type showing 93% of 24 x 36mm film-frame area
Magnification: 0.9X with 50mm standard lens focused at infinity; Acute Matte-Fresnel-field focusing screen with split-image focusing spot surrounded by microprism band.

Stepless speeds indicated by 10 light-emitting diodes; LED over-/under-range indicators; LED at "60" position also blinks as flash-ready signal with Auto Electroflash 118X - 320X
Flash sync: PC terminal and hot shoe for X sync, (disconnect when unit no installed): Electronic flash synchronizes at 1/60 sec. and slower step or stepless speeds; Class MF, M, FP flashbulbs synchronize at 1/15 or slower speeds. Extra contact on hot shoe receives signal from camera-control contact of Auto Electroflash 118X - 320x
Film advance: Motorized: Through built-in coupler key with accessory (Motor Drive 1 or) Auto Winder G. Manual: By lever with single 130° stroke after 30° unengaged movement Film-advance release button for rewinding; advancing-type frame counter and Safe Load Signal that indicates film loading and advancing conditions
Power: Two 1.5v silver-oxide cells (Ucar EPX or equivalent) contained in camera base power both auto exposure control and shutter's electronically goverened operation LED battery check indicator lights when operating switch in battery check position
Shutter will not release when voltage too low for proper operation
Self-timer: Electronic, LED indicated types; approximately 10 sec. delay
Other: 4-slot take-up spool; detachable back  cover with memo holder and ASA-DIN conversion scale
Size and weight: 52 x 89 x 138mm (2 x 3-7/16 x 5-5/8 in.) 505g (515g) without lens and power cells
Accessories: Exclusive (Motor Drive 1) and Auto-Winder G, Auto Electroflash 200X, Remote Cord S 50cm (20-in.) and Remote Cord L 5m (16-ft.); MD, MC, and other interchangeable Rokkor lenses and applicable Minolta SLR system accessories

Minolta Dynax 8000i

Minolta Dynax 8000i
Minolta Maxxum 8000i
Minolta Alpha 8700i
......A loved child has many names. 1990

"The Minolta Dynax 8000i camera is designed to offer innovative functions and performance through the combination of camera body, Maxxum AF lenses, Maxxum Flash units, and other accessories distributed by Minolta."

Pressing the camera's program-reset button readies it for completely automatic operation. Beyond this, Maxxum 8000i allows for customization of six primary functions: focus mode, autofocus area, exposure mode, metering mode, exposure adjustment, and film-advance mode. A single switch is used for changing the focus mode, while the other five functions are selected using the camera's setting control in combination with the appropriate button. At anytime in the course of operation, all settings can be returned to their standard positions by pressing the camera's program-reset button but the focus mode is reset to AF each time the camera is switched on.
Using a DX coded film, settings are automatically adjusted but if desired, you can manually override the DX coded film speed and reset the film speed to a higher or lower value. Also, if you are using a film that is not DX coded, this control should be used to set the required film speed. Film speeds can be set manually from ISO 25 to 6400, and are selected in 1/3 stop increments.

Something special is the Creative Expansion Card system, which provides a unique way to expand the 8000i's capabilities to meet specific needs. Names would tell what is the specific function : Multiple exposure, Fantasy Effect, Bracketing, Close Up, Data Memory card for store exposure data and a Customized Function Card, which, lets you tailor several of the camera's standard features to suit personal tastes. Among the features that may be modified are Frame number: increasing or decreasing, Film rewind: automatic or manual start, Film leader: rewound into cartridge or left out, Focus hold button: focus hold, center area focusing or continous focus adjustment.


Type: 35mm SLR with intelligent control of autotocus (AFl, autoexposure(AE) and auto film transport systems Controls: Buttons tor manual start of film rewind, self-timer, focus hold, spot metering; focus-mode switch; setting control for program shift, aperture (A mode), shutter speed (shutter-priorityAE mode and manual mode); setting control in combination with a second control for: manual film speed settings, metering pattern, drive mode, focus area, exposure mode, exposure adjustment, aperture (manual exposure mode), and multiple exposure; pressing program reset button sets camera to program mode, single-frame advance, autofocusing with wide focus area, and cancels any exposure adjustment and self-timer or multiple-exposure settings
Lens Mount: Minolta A-type bayonet accepts all Maxxum AF lenses
Manual Focusing: Visually on Acute-Matte viewfinder screen and/or by monitoring viewfinder focus indicators
Autofocus System: Minolta's through-the-lens (TTL phase-detection type with wide charge-coupled device (CCD) sensor; sensitivity range EV 0 to 18 at ISO 100 in ambient light Predictive focus control; built-in AF illuminator automatically activated in low light, low contrast conditions; range: 3.3 to 30 feet (1 to 9 meters, based on Minolta's standard test method using a 50mm f/1.4 lens Film-speed setting: Automatic setting for DX-coded ISO 25 to 5000 film; for films without DX coding, previous film-speed setting is retained; manual setting in 1/3 stop increments from ISO 25 to 6400
Metering: TTL type, with three selectable modes multi-pattern, in which the metering pattern of a six-segment cell is modified based on input from the autofocus system, center-weighted average, and spot six-segment silicon photocell (SPC on pentaprism for ambient light; second SPC at bottom of mirror box for TTL flash metering Film Transport: Automatic with built in motor drive auto threading, aulo advance to first frame, single frame advance or continuous advance at up to 3 frames per second, auto­matic rewind and manual start of automatic rewind; advancing frame counter in data panel; shutter lock and data panel display when film is loaded incorrectly
Autoexposure (AE) range: EV 0 to 20 with ISO 100 film and 50/14 lens Viewfinder: Eye level fixed pentaprism shows 92% of vertical by 94% of horizontal field of view; magnification 0.75X with 50mm lens at infinity, standard acute-matte screen (Type Gl shows wide/center focus areas and spot metering area on matte field
Exposure Modes: Program AE. Automatic multi-program selection sets autoexposure program, based on lens focal length in use; shutter speed and aperture determined by autoexposure (AE) program
Shutter-priority AE: Any speed from l/8000to 30 sec, selectable in full stops, aperture set automatically by autoexposure program
Aperture-priority AE: Any available aperture selectable in half-stops, shutter speed set steplessly from 1 /8000 to 30 sec. automatically by autoexposure program.
Manual: Any shutter speed and aperture combination usable:correct exposure and under-/ over-exposure indicated in viewfinder, "bulb" setting for long exposure.
Data Displays: Data Panel: Liquid-crystal display (LCD) includes indicators for film speed, shutter speed, card name (when card is activated), exposure adjustment, aperture, exposure mode, manual focus, battery condition, self-timer, frame number, film transport, metering pattern, drive mode, focus area, multiple exposure and active card; automatically illuminated in low light
Viewfinder: LED focus and flash-on indicators, and flash-ready signal; illuminated LCD readout for focus area, shutter speed, film speed (when set), card name (when activated), exposure adjustment, over/under exposure (manual exposure mode), aperture and meter pattern
TTL Flash Metering: Operates in all exposure modes with dedicated units; shutter X-sync speed set automatically when flash-on signal appears in viewfinder; in P or A modes, pressing spot-metering button sets slower shutter speed (down to 30 sec.) for increased background exposure
Program AE: Automatic setting of aperture and shutter speed between 1 /200 and 1 /20 sec. according to lens focal length; flash fires automatically when required.
Shutter-priority AE: Same as Program AE mode.
Aperture-priority AE: Shutter speed automatically set to 1/200 sec; any available aperture usable
Manual: Any shutter speed 1/200 or slower, and any available aperture usable; speed automatically reset to 1/200 sec. when flash-on signal appears if manually set speed is higher.
Power: 6-volt 2CR5 lithium battery powers camera; automatic battery check when camera is turned on; battery condition indicated by four-stage indicator in data panel; shutter locks when battery is exhausted; main switch with LOCK and ON positions
Size and weight: 6 x 3-11/16x2-11/16 in (153 x 93 x 69mm); 21-3/16 oz. (600g) without lens and battery
Self-timer: Electronic with 10-second delay; cancellable; operation indicated by blinking LED
Shutter-release button: Pressing button part­way down activates autofocus and metering systems; pressing button all-the-way down releases shutter; in AF mode, shutter can be released only when subject is in focus (focus-priority operation)
Exposure Controls: Exposure adjustment; range: ± 4 stops, set in half-stop increments; program shift in half stops for temporary selection of other programmed aperture-shutter speed settings; multiple exposure function Optional Accessories: Accepts all Maxxum AF lenses, Maxxum Flashes 2000i, 3200i and 5200i. Macro Flash 1200 AF Set-N, Creative Expansion Cards, Data Back DB-7, Program Back PB-7,Wireless Controller IR-1N Set. dioptric eyepiece correction lenses. Remote Cord RC-1000 L and Remote Cord RC-1000 S, Eyepiece Correctors, and flash accessories including off-camera cables and connectors, user-changeable Acute-matte Focusing Screens 7.
Shutter: Electronically controlled vertical traverse focal-plane type; automatic speeds: in program and aperture-priority AE modes, stepless 1 /8000 to 30 sec. with nearest half-stop setting displayed; in shutter-priority AE and manual modes. 1 /8000to30sec. in full-stop settings: bulb, in manual mode, for long exposures Optional Accessories: Cushioned eyepiece frame, eyepiece cap, film window, remote-control socket, car­rying strap
Minolta Dynax

Minolta Dynax 60

It is said, that one of the best ways to experience the joy of photography is to start with a 35mm SLR camera. Konica Minolta’s DYNAX 60 awarded the “European SLR Camera of the Year 2004-2005”. These were my starters, Minolta X-700, which I bought after Asahi Pentax Spotmatic was The European Camera of the Year 1982-83, so the line continues.

The camera has to have something to "earn" this kind of statement. What is then those features and capabilities in Minolta Dynax 60 (Minolta Maxxum 70 in USA). The EISA - European Imaging and Sound Association stated, that Minolta Dynax 60 is an ideal synthesis of attractive price and generous equipment. If you wish, it can automatically do everything, except choosing the subject and the framing but if you prefer manual control, you just go for it. Apart from its high-quality, compact body, the Dynax 60 is impressive primarily for its speed and precision in use. In this manner it is better, than my couple of years older Pentax MZ-5n.
The nine-point AF with a central cross sensor and multi-dimensional predictive focus control enables very good focusing even on moving subjects. I have still noticed that it sometimes has a tendency to a moderate hunting, at least with the rather slow 28-100mm lens. The Dynax 60 permits manual override of the focusing system by DMF (Direct Manual Focus) on Minolta D-Series lenses. The brightness of the viewfinder is good but not exactly in a class with the professional line of Minolta SLR cameras. The body is a sturdy in design sophistication, and it's packed with features and user-friendly controls that put a range of functions at your fingertips. All major features such as exposure bracketing and compensation and exposure modes are easy to control. The camera has both AF and shutter-release priority, along with 15 custom functions. Flash exposure-OK signal in the viewfinder is wery convenient. The special feature is, that the back cover is hinged on the left side of the body to allow greater access to the film chamber when inserting the film cartridge. Once the film is loaded, an automatic film chamber lock prevents the camera from being opened until the film is rewound. As a conclusion I would state; High-Speed AF SLR with Powerful Creative Controls.

"Konica Minolta Photo Imaging, Inc. ceased the camera business on March 31, 2006. As of April 1st, 2006, Sony Corporation is providing customer service for Konica's, Minolta's, and Konica Minolta's cameras and camera-related products except for the binoculars." The potential know-how of three Japanese companies is now integrated under the lead of the giant of electronics, entertainment and financial services, Sony Corporation.

Camera Type 35mm SLR with built-in flash, auto exposure (AE) and autofocus (AF)
Focus System
Focus Modes
Autofocus / Manual focus selectable Main AF controls
Detection System
TTL phase-detection system
Detection Cell
CCD line sensors (centre cross-hair, 9-point, 8-line sensors)
AF Sensitivity Range
Ev 1 - 18 (ISO 100)
AF Illuminator
Built-in flash "LED"
- Automatically activated in low-light or low-contrast situations
- AF illuminator (LED) will be selected automatically when a dedicated external flash unit is attached.
- Range: approx. 1 - 5 m (with a 50 mm standard lens)
Main AF Controls
Grip - Wide focus area: local focus area selectable from 9 sensors
- Multi-dimensional predictive focus control
- Auto-tracking AF indication
- Automatic AF-mode selection between Continuous AF and One-shot AF
- Direct Manual Focus available during autofocus operation
- Focus-lock audio signal selectable
Exposure System  
Control Modes
- Program AE (P mode): PA / PS mode available as custom function
- Aperture priority mode (A mode)
- Shutter-speed priority mode (S mode)
- Manual mode (M mode)
Subject Programs
Portrait, Landscape, Close up, Sports action, Night portrait / Night view
Manual Setting
Shutter speed: 0.5 Ev increments, Aperture: 0.5 Ev increments
Metering Type
TTL metering: 14-segment honeycomb-pattern metering / Centre-weighted metering / Spot metering (5.5 mm diameter)
Metering Range
14-segment honeycomb-pattern metering: Ev 1 - 20; Spot metering: Ev 4 - 20 (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens)
Metering Sensor
14-segment honeycomb-pattern SPC (silicon photo cell)
Exposure Compensation
± 3 EV in 1/2 EV increments
ISO (film speed) Setting
Automatic setting: ISO 25 - 5000 in 1/3 Ev increment
Manual setting: ISO 6 - 6400 in 1/3 Ev increments
- With flash used: ISO 25 - 1000
- With DX-coded film: automatic ISO setting
- With Non-DX-coded film: ISO set to its previous setting
AE Lock
- Automatic exposure lock at focus lock;
- AE lock possible with the spot-AE lock button pushed
Electronically-controlled, vertical traverse, focal-plane type
1/2000 - 30 sec.; Time exposure (bulb) up to 5 hours (approx., with fresh batteries)
Flash Sync Speed
Slower than 1/90 sec.; In HSS (High Speed Sync) mode: sync with all speeds
Metering Type
TTL direct metering; ADI metering available with Program Flash 5600 HS(D) / 3600HS(D) / 2500(D) or with the built-in flash combined with any (D) lens
Flash Sensor
Flash metering SPC (silicon photo cell)
Built-in Flash
Built-in type with GN16 (in meters at ISO 100);
- Flash coverage for 28 mm angle of view
- Recycling time: approx. 4 seconds with fresh batteries
- Automatic power off with external flash unit attached
- Automatic pop up and auto flash (fill flash, flash cancel possible) in P mode & Subject Program Selection mode
- Manual control in A / S / M mode: lift-up for fill flash, push down for flash cancel
- Red-eye reduction (pre-flash) selectable
- Possible to issue control signals for wireless / remote off-camera flash (ratio flash also available)
Flash Mode
Flash mode Fill flash / flash cancel / red-eye reduction (pre-flash)
- Wireless / remote off-camera flash: synchronized at shutter speeds 1/45 sec. or slower
- Wireless / remote high-speed sync: 1/125 seconds or faster, available with Program Flash 5600HS(D) / 3600HS(D)
- High-speed sync: 1/125 sec. or faster, available with Program Flash 5600HS(D) / 3600HS(D)
Eye-level fixed roof mirror
Focusing Screen
Spherical acute matte
Field of View
90% x 90% (with 50 mm, f/1.4 lens focused at infinity)
0.7x (with 50 mm, f/1.4 lens focused at infinity)
16 mm from the eyepiece, 13 mm from the eyepiece frame
- 2.0 to + 1 diopter
Dioptric Adjustment
Eyepiece Cup
Film Transport
Drive Mode
Single-frame advance, continuous drive (3 fps)
Film Loading
Automatic loading (Automatic advance to the first frame when back cover is closed)
Film Rewinding
Automatic rewinding, manual start of rewinding selectable
Rewinding Time
approx. 8 sec. (24-exposure film)
Others Remote - Depth-of-field preview (aperture not changeable when in use)
- Self-timer (cancelable): 10-sec. delay with LED / audio indication of shooting start
- IR remote control
- Exposure bracketing: selectable in 0.3 / 0.5 / 0.7 / 1.0 Ev increments with 3 exposures
- Multiple exposure: 2 exposures
- Custom functions: 14 items
3V lithium battery CR2 x 2
Battery-condition Indication
3-stage indicator to show remaining battery power, automatically started at power ON
Dimensions (W x H x D)
135 x 92 x 66.5 mm
375 g (without batteries)
©2009 Reijo Lauro