Yashica 108 Multi-Program (1989)
In 1973, Yashica the company began a collaboration with Carl Zeiss and it resulted a serie of professional 35mm SLR with an electronically-controlled shutter, bearing the Contax name. Contax 159mm), and was the first Yashica SLR with TTL flash and full programmed exposure capabilities. After 1983, all Yashica brand cameras were marketed by Kyocera (Kyoto Ceramics), which also made newer Contax cameras. After the introducion of Konica Auto-Reflex in 1966 an automatic exposure feature become more and more common amog SLR cameras. Resistance for change was givig in.
Yashica 108 Multi Program was introduced in 1989 . It is a nice looking, well made multi-mode SLR camera for a amateur use. Rather heavy according to modern standards but very easy and convenient to handle.
Then, what does, that multiprogram mean? Does it mean, that there are 108 different functions? Let's look at the dial on the top of the camera.
"PROGRAM" - standard programmed auto exposure The camera will automatically select the correct combination of shutter speed and aperture from its program according to the brightness of the subject.
"HP" High-speed Programmed auto exposure This mode will give a priority to a fast shutter speed for providing correct exposure. This mode is useful for shooting quick sports scenes or sharp portraits against a blurred background. It is also good for avoiding camera shake when taking pictures with a telephoto lens.
"AV" Aperture-priority auto exposure If you set your camera at the desired aperture, the camera will automatically control the shutter speed according to the brightness of the subject to provide correct exposure. This mode is suited for shooting with lens with depth-of-field emphasis.
"2000,1000 - 2, 1" In the manual exposure mode, choose your desired shutter speed on this dial. "2000" means 1/2000 second, "1000" means 1/1000 second, , and "1" means 1 second. Intermediate settings are not available on the Shutter Dial index so do not try to set in-between positions.
"And that is not all" if you turn the shutter dial, you get also "B" for night visions and "F" for flash.
Intense market competition from other manufacturers drove Kyocera gradually aim production to a budget-priced 'point & shoot' line, move production from Japan to Hong Kong, and finally to discontinue all product lines in 2005. Kyocera sold the trademark rights of Yashica to Hong Kong-based MF Jebsen Group.
Type: 35mm auto-exposure SLR camera with focal-plane shutter.
Lens: Yashica Lens MC ZOOM 35 - 70mm, 1:3,5 - 4,5
Lens Mount: Yashica/Contax mount
Shutter: Vertical-travel mental focal-plane shutter
Shutter Speed: 1/2000 - 16 sec. on auto, 1/2000 - 1 sec. (12 steps) on manual, X (X-contact) and B (Bulb).
Exposure Control: (1) Standard programmed auto exposure, (2) High-speed Programmed auto exposure, (3) Aperture priority auto exposure, (4) manual flash exposure.
Metering System: TTL center-weighted light metering at full aperture. SPD cell.
Metering Range: EV 2-19 (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens)
Film Speed Setting: Automatic setting with DX coded film (ISO 25-3200 in steps 2n, other intermediate fill speeds will be automatically set for the next lower speed). Film speed is automatically set to ISO 100 for non DX-code films.
Viewfinder: Penta-prism eye-level finder, 92% field-of-view, 0.82x magnification (with standard 50mm lens set to infinity).
Focusing Screen: Horizontal split-image and microprism collar.
Display in Viewfinder: Four LED lamps
Film Winding: Automatic film winding with built-in motor, auto-loading and automatic film advance to frame no. 1, continuous (C) shooting with drive selector.
Film Rewinding: Film rewind button and rewind crank
Exposure Counter: Automatic reset, additive type
Accessory Shoe: Direct X-contact hot-shoe (provided with flash coupling contacts).
Synchro Socket: X-contact only, shutter speed automatically switches to 1/90 sec. synchronizing with dedicated flash when it fully charged, or slower speed with manual exposure. Indicator LED lights up in the viewfinder when flash fully charges.
Self-Timer: Electronic Quartz-timer with 10 second delay on shutter release with a self-timer. LED turns on while self-timer is operating. Cancelable during count-down.
Exposure Compensation: +1.5EV exposure compensation is possible with exposure compensation button.
Camera Back: Detachable camera back. Open by release knob, provided with Film Check Window.
Power Source: Alkaline batteries (1.5V x 4pcs. AAA size)
Dimensions and Weight: 149x93x52, weight 500g without batteries.