The Camera Site

Yashica Co Ltd / Kyocera Corporation, Japan

Yashica TL

Yashica TL Electro X

(1968-1974)

Yashica TL Electro X was introduced in 1968. It was the first camera with electronic lights for exposure information in the viewfinder, and the first with stepless electronic shutter speed control. Black version was also available. This one came to me some day carried by my colleaque. So, my reputation as a camera collector is spreading. WOW !

Yashica TL Electro X is heavy like they used to be at that time and it feels reliable. After a service of thirty years (though modest) it is still in full working condition. I have only one Yashinon lens, (Yashinon-DX, 1,7, f/50 mm) but the common lens mounting, M-42 allows the use of a large amount of "of the brand" lenses.

The Copal Square SE shutter electronically controlled but this doesn't mean that it would be fully automatic.There are two lights (more reliable than the the needle?) in the viewfinder, which indicate over and under exposure, twisting either the aperture ring or shutter speed dial until these go out indicates that the correct exposure has been set. So, the camera should be called as a match light type. The shutter on the Electro X is in fact mechanical but has an electronic timing, this leads to a less noisy shutter at slow speeds and also the shutter operates at any intermediate speed between 2 and 1/1000 sec. giving excellent exposure accuracy. A range of lenses available was from f/21 to f/1000 mm, which proofs, that Kyocera was earnest when introducing this camera. The viewfinder is brighter, than in the predecessors, Yashica TL Electro cameras and it has a central microprism which makes focusing easy. The usual ground glass collar and fresnel are used on outer part of the screen. The meter cells are located on either side of the viewfinder eyepiece and they read the entire area of the focusing screen. The film take up spool is a multi-slot type, which makes film loading easier.

Lens:
Yashinon DX 1,7 / 50mm
Shutter:
Electrically operated focal plane shutter with speeds from B, 2 to 1/1000 sec., intermediate shutter speed setting optional; self-timer plus FP-X sync
Exposure Control:
Thru-the-Lens CdS light measuring system; Electronic Exposure Readout System (exposure warning lights suggest exposure corrections);
ASA range: 25-800 (DIN 15-30); a 6V silver oxide battery is used to power the exposure control system and electric-operated focal plane shutter
(Eveready No. 544 or equivalent).  
Viewfinder:
Reflex viewfinder with microprism focusing spot, ground-glass collar for depth of field analysis
Film transport:
Ratchet-type, single-stroke film advance lever; automatic resetting film exposure counter.
Other Features:
Battery checker, Mirror lock, Direct contact shoe, Multi-slot take-up spool for easy and fast loading.
Battery:
6V silver oxide, PX-640
Flash sync :
1/90 sec
Dimensions:
151 x 100 x 96 with a lens
Weight:
1070 grams, lens included

Yashica 108 Multi Program
Yashica 108 Multi-Program (1989)

In 1973, Yashica the company began a collaboration with Carl Zeiss and it resulted a serie of professional 35mm SLR with an electronically-controlled shutter, bearing the Contax name. Contax 159mm), and was the first Yashica SLR with TTL flash and full programmed exposure capabilities. After 1983, all Yashica brand cameras were marketed by Kyocera (Kyoto Ceramics), which also made newer Contax cameras. After the introducion of Konica Auto-Reflex in 1966 an automatic exposure feature become more and more common amog SLR cameras. Resistance for change was givig in.
Yashica 108 Multi Program was introduced in 1989 . It is a nice looking, well made multi-mode SLR camera for a amateur use. Rather heavy according to modern standards but very easy and convenient to handle.
Then, what does, that multiprogram mean? Does it mean, that there are 108 different functions? Let's look at the dial on the top of the camera.

"PROGRAM" - standard programmed auto exposure The camera will automatically select the correct combination of shutter speed and aperture from its program according to the brightness of the subject.
"HP" High-speed Programmed auto exposure This mode will give a priority to a fast shutter speed for providing correct exposure. This mode is useful for shooting quick sports scenes or sharp portraits against a blurred background. It is also good for avoiding camera shake when taking pictures with a telephoto lens.
"AV" Aperture-priority auto exposure If you set your camera at the desired aperture, the camera will automatically control the shutter speed according to the brightness of the subject to provide correct exposure. This mode is suited for shooting with lens with depth-of-field emphasis.
"2000,1000 - 2, 1" In the manual exposure mode, choose your desired shutter speed on this dial. "2000" means 1/2000 second, "1000" means 1/1000 second, , and "1" means 1 second. Intermediate settings are not available on the Shutter Dial index so do not try to set in-between positions.
"And that is not all" if you turn the shutter dial, you get also "B" for night visions and "F" for flash.

Intense market competition from other manufacturers drove Kyocera gradually aim production to a budget-priced 'point & shoot' line, move production from Japan to Hong Kong, and finally to discontinue all product lines in 2005. Kyocera sold the trademark rights of Yashica to Hong Kong-based MF Jebsen Group.

Type: 35mm auto-exposure SLR camera with focal-plane shutter.
Picture: 24x36mm
Lens: Yashica Lens MC ZOOM 35 - 70mm, 1:3,5 - 4,5
Lens Mount: Yashica/Contax mount
Shutter: Vertical-travel mental focal-plane shutter
Shutter Speed: 1/2000 - 16 sec. on auto, 1/2000 - 1 sec. (12 steps) on manual, X (X-contact) and B (Bulb).
Exposure Control: (1) Standard programmed auto exposure, (2) High-speed Programmed auto exposure, (3) Aperture priority auto exposure, (4) manual flash exposure.
Metering System: TTL center-weighted light metering at full aperture. SPD cell.
Metering Range: EV 2-19 (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens)
Film Speed Setting: Automatic setting with DX coded film (ISO 25-3200 in steps 2n, other intermediate fill speeds will be automatically set for the next lower speed). Film speed is automatically set to ISO 100 for non DX-code films.
Viewfinder: Penta-prism eye-level finder, 92% field-of-view, 0.82x magnification (with standard 50mm lens set to infinity).
Focusing Screen: Horizontal split-image and microprism collar.
Display in Viewfinder: Four LED lamps
Film Winding: Automatic film winding with built-in motor, auto-loading and automatic film advance to frame no. 1, continuous (C) shooting with drive selector.
Film Rewinding: Film rewind button and rewind crank
Exposure Counter: Automatic reset, additive type
Accessory Shoe: Direct X-contact hot-shoe (provided with flash coupling contacts).
Synchro Socket: X-contact only, shutter speed automatically switches to 1/90 sec. synchronizing with dedicated flash when it fully charged, or slower speed with manual exposure. Indicator LED lights up in the viewfinder when flash fully charges.
Self-Timer: Electronic Quartz-timer with 10 second delay on shutter release with a self-timer. LED turns on while self-timer is operating. Cancelable during count-down.
Exposure Compensation: +1.5EV exposure compensation is possible with exposure compensation button.
Camera Back: Detachable camera back. Open by release knob, provided with Film Check Window.
Power Source: Alkaline batteries (1.5V x 4pcs. AAA size)
Dimensions and Weight: 149x93x52, weight 500g without batteries.

©2009 Reijo Lauro